T Names: Famous People in Technology

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Index

T

Thompson, Ken

Co-created the UNIX operating system along with Dennis Ritchie in 1969 while working in Bell Labs Computing Research Department. In 1970, he wrote the B computer language, which Ritchie would use to develop C. In 1973, Thompson rewrote UNIX in Ritchie’s C language. In 1980, he co-created “Belle,” a chess-playing computer that won the U.S. and World Computing Chess Championships. In 1983, he was named a Fellow of Bell Labs.

Tomlinson, Ray

After graduating from MIT in 1965 and working for two years on a graduate degree, he created the first e-mail program in 1972 while working at Bolt Beranek and Newman, the company that built the ARPANET. Tomlinson was the person who invented the use of the @ sign in e-mail addresses.

Torvalds, Linus

Wrote the core of the Linux operating system in 1991 to compete with Microsoft’s Windows. Linux is unique in that Torvalds never sought a copyright on his work, and it is free to users. Torvald invited users to improve on the original open language system he created, and currently only about 2% of the program was written by Torvalds himself. His most recent work has been in developing the Crusoe chip at Transmeta to compete with Intel.

Turing, Alan

1912(b.)-1954(d.) English mathematician, logician and philosopher who made important advancements in the field of computer theory and who contributed important logical analyses of computer processes. During WWII, Turing served in the cryptanalytic headquarters at the Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire, where he was largely responsible for breaking the German Enigma military codes. In 1936, he introduced the Universal Turing Machine, a hypothetical machine used for computability theory proofs that is regarded as the first digital computer. In 1950, Turing introduced the Turing Test to prove his theory that computers eventually would be constructed that would be capable of human thought. His papers on the subject provide a foundation for modern research in artificial intelligence.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Index

This article was originally published on June 24, 2010

Webopedia Staff
Webopedia Staff
Since 1995, more than 100 tech experts and researchers have kept Webopedia’s definitions, articles, and study guides up to date. For more information on current editorial staff, please visit our About page.

Top Articles

The Complete List of 1500+ Common Text Abbreviations & Acronyms

Text Abbreviations reviewed by Web Webster   From A3 to ZZZ we list 1,559 SMS, online chat, and text abbreviations to help you translate and understand...

How to Create a Website Shortcut on Your Desktop

Website Shortcut on Your Desktop reviewed by Web Webster   This Webopedia guide will show you how to create a website shortcut on your desktop using...

Windows Operating System History & Versions

The Windows operating system (Windows OS) refers to a family of operating systems developed by Microsoft Corporation. We look at the history of Windows...

First to Fifth Generations of Computers

Reviewed by Web Webster   Learn about each of the 5 generations of computers and major technology developments that have led to the computing devices that...

How to Create a...

Website Shortcut on Your Desktop reviewed by Web Webster   This Webopedia guide will show...

The Complete List of...

Text Abbreviations reviewed by Web Webster   From A3 to ZZZ we list 1,559 SMS,...

What Are the 7...

Reviewed by Web Webster   The phrase "7 layers of the OSI model" refers to...