Letters M-R: Country Specific Domain Extensions

Characteristics of a ccTLD

Each country has their own domain extension specified by the International Standards Organization that consists of two characters. The first ccTLDs were delegated to the United States (.us), United Kingdom (.uk), and Italy (.it) in 1985.

Most ccTLDs are allocated to nations or states. In most cases, the government itself determines the policies for its ccTLD and appoints a registry operator (meaning an institution) to enforce them. The registry operator manages the top level domain by running and maintaining the hardware (the name server infrastructure) needed to answer queries for its part of the hierarchy, meaning the domain.

Here are a few examples of registry operators countries have delegated to enforce their ccTLD:

  • Barbados (.bb) and Finland (.fi) have government ministry operators
  • Yemen (.ye) and San Marino (.sm) have telecom operators
  • Chile (.cl) and the Bahamas (.bs) have university operators
  • Austria (.at) and greenland (.gs) have private company operators
  • Belgium (.be) and New Zealand (.nz) have non profit operators

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the company that regulates the allocation of all ccTLDs. It assumes responsibility for IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract.

ccTLDs beginning with letters M-R

Domain Extension Country
ma Morocco
mc Monaco
md Moldova
mg Madagascar
mh Marshall Islands
mil US Military
mk Macedonia
ml Mali
mm Mynamar
mn Mongolia
mo Macau
mp Northern Mariana Islands
mq Martinique
mr Mauritania
ms Montserrat
mt Malta
mu Mauritius
mv Maldives
mw Malawi
mx Mexico
my Malaysia
mz Mozambique
na Namibia
nc New Caledonia
ne Niger
net US network
nf Norfolk Island
ng Nigeria
ni Nicaragua
nl Netherlands
no Norway
np Nepal
nr Nauru
nt Neutral Zone
nu Niue
nz New Zealand (Aotearoa)
om Oman
org US Non-Profit Organization
pa Panama
pe Peru
pf French Polynesia
pg Papua New Guinea
ph Philippines
pk Pakistan
pl> Poland
pm Saint Pierre and Miquelon
pn Pitcairn
pr Puerto Rico
pt Portugal
pw Palau
py Paraguay
qa Qatar
re Reunion
ro Romania
ru Russian Federation
rw Rwanda

 

For more country specific domain extensions, visit our other comprehensive lists:

  • ccTLDs for letters A-E
  • ccTLDs for letters F-L
  • ccTLDs for letters S-Z

UPDATE: This article was updated April 2021 by Abby Dykes 

 

 

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