Letters F-L: Country Specific Domain Extensions

Characteristics of a ccTLD

Each country has their own domain extension specified by the International Standards Organization that consists of two characters. The first ccTLDs were delegated to the United States (.us), United Kingdom (.uk), and Italy (.it) in 1985.

Most ccTLDs are allocated to nations or states. In most cases, the government itself determines the policies for its ccTLD and appoints a registry operator (meaning an institution) to enforce them. The registry operator manages the top level domain by running and maintaining the hardware (the name server infrastructure) needed to answer queries for its part of the hierarchy, meaning the domain.

Here are a few examples of registry operators countries have delegated to enforce their ccTLD:

  • Barbados (.bb) and Finland (.fi) have government ministry operators
  • Yemen (.ye) and San Marino (.sm) have telecom operators
  • Chile (.cl) and the Bahamas (.bs) have university operators
  • Austria (.at) and greenland (.gs) have private company operators
  • Belgium (.be) and New Zealand (.nz) have non profit operators

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the company that regulates the allocation of all ccTLDs. It assumes responsibility for IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract.

ccTLDs beginning with letters F-L

Domain Extension Country
fi Finland
fj Fiji
fk Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
fm Micronesia
fo Faroe Islands
fr France
fx France (Metropolitan)
ga Gabon
gb Great Britain (UK)
gd Grenada
ge Georgia
gf French Guiana
gh Ghana
gi Gibraltar
gl Greenland
gm Gambia
gn Guinea
gov US Government
gp Guadaloupe
gq Equatorial Guinea
gr Greece
gs South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
gt Guatemala
gu Guam
gw Guinea-Bissau
gy Guyana
hk Hong Kong
hm Heard and McDonald Islands
hn Honduras
hr Croatia (Hrvatska)
ht Haiti
hu Hungary
id Indonesia
ie Ireland
il Israel
in India
io British Indian Ocean Territory
iq Iraq
ir Iran
is Iceland
it Italy
jm Jamaica
jo Jordan
jp Japan
ke Kenya
kg Kyrgyzstan
kh Cambodia
ki Kiribati
km Comoros
kn Saint Kitts and Nevis
kp Korea (North)
kr Korea (South)
kw Kuwait
ky Cayman Islands
kz Kazakhstan
la Laos
lb Lebanon
lc Saint Lucia
li Liechtenstein
lk Sri Lanka
lr Liberia
ls Lesotho
lt Lithuania
lu Luxembourg
lv Latvia
ly Libya

 

For more country specific domain extensions, visit our other comprehensive lists:

  • ccTLDs for letters A-E
  • ccTLDs for letters M-R
  • ccTLDs for letters S-Z

UPDATE: This article was updated April 2021 by Abby Dykes 

 

 

Webopedia Staff
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