Go

Go is an open source procedural programming language designed at Google in 2007 and launched in 2009. Go is easy to read and allows multiple processes to run simultaneously. Its flexibility gives it a range of uses, notably in Big Data, machine learning, containers and virtualization. A number of well known applications are programmed in Go.

It is a statically typed and compiled language that is syntactically similar to C, but has memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency, making it good for multi-core uses. Programs are assembled by using packages for effective management of dependencies. Like dynamic languages, Go supports environment-adopting patterns. The programming language is sometimes referred to as Golang because of its domain name golang.org, but the correct name is Go.

Go is not as object-oriented as other languages, as it doesn’t provide the class keyword and has no support on inheritance. It does, however, provide structs as a replacement for classes. Its compilation time is fast and provides a lot of control over memory allocation. It reduces latency in the most recent versions of the garbage collector. Go has a powerful standard library and is a sturdy language for general-purpose programming.

Features of Go

  • Static typing: Since Go is a statically typed language, the compiler not only compiles the code successfully, but also ensures type conversions and compatibility. 
  • Language design: The language is purposefully designed to be easily understood and simple.
  • Package management: Go merges the modern day workflow with open source projects to manage external packages. Support is provided in the tooling to get external packages and publish one’s own packages with easy commands.
  • Concurrency: It’s easy to implement a concurrent system with Go, which offers valuable concurrency primitives.
  • Fast compilation: Go run command is used to fire the Go program. This makes the overall compilation of the code process faster.
  • Fast execution: Because of the fast compilation of code across operating systems, the speed of page loads increase.

Applications developed in Go

Webopedia Staff
Since 1995, more than 100 tech experts and researchers have kept Webopedia’s definitions, articles, and study guides up to date. For more information on current editorial staff, please visit our About page.

Top Articles

The Complete List of 1500+ Common Text Abbreviations & Acronyms

From A3 to ZZZ we list 1,559 SMS, online chat, and text abbreviations to help you translate and understand today's texting lingo. Includes Top...

Windows Operating System History & Versions

The Windows operating system (Windows OS) refers to a family of operating systems developed by Microsoft Corporation. We look at the history of Windows...

How to Create a Website Shortcut on Your Desktop

Website Shortcut on Your Desktop reviewed by Web Webster   This Webopedia guide will show you how to create a website shortcut on your desktop using...

Generations of Computers (1st to 5th)

Reviewed by Web Webster Learn about each of the 5 generations of computers and major technology developments that have led to the computing devices that...

Security Breach

Any unauthorized access to a computer network, computer data, devices, or applications is...

Productivity Software

Productivity software is a broad term used for software applications that increase the...

3PL (Third-Party Logistics)

Third-party logistics, typically referred to by the acronym 3PL, is the process a...