Facts about Computer Science: Education and Jobs
The following computer science facts and statistics provide a quick introduction to the changing trends in education and related careers.
Computer science is the systematic study of computation with respect to computer systems and software applications. Students working towards earning a degree in computer science will learn both the theory of computation and algorithms used in software applications as well as the design of hardware used in computing devices like desktop computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones.
Top Facts and Statistics to Know
The following facts and statistics provide a quick introduction to computer science and shows how students, employers and education organizations are keeping up with the changing trends in STEM education and related careers.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides an excellent resource for data related to STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) jobs. According to BLS, there were nearly 8.6 million STEM jobs in May 2015, representing 6.2 percent of U.S. employment. Computer occupations made up nearly 45 percent of STEM employment, and engineers made up an additional 19 percent. Mathematical science occupations and architects, surveyors, and cartographers combined made up less than 4 percent of STEM employment. - BLS
In the United States, nine in ten parents want their child to study computer science, but only one in four schools teach computer programming. In 22 states, computer science classes do not count toward math or science high school graduation requirements.
- Hour of Code
Employment in computer occupations is projected to increase by 12.5 percent from 2014 to 2024, and due to its large employment size, this growth is expected to result in nearly half a million new jobs, far more than any other STEM group. The group projected to add the second largest number of new jobs from 2014 to 2024 is engineering occupations, with 65,000 new jobs. - BLS
Even with projected growth of 15 to 20 percent between 2012 and 2022, the vast majority of computer science jobs will be pursued and filled by men. As STEM-related industries on a whole add over 1.7 million jobs in the coming years, there continues to be a notable absence of women in the field. This trend begins well before entering the job market: girls account for more than half of all Advanced Placement (AP) test-takers, yet boys outnumber girls 4:1 in computer science exams. - ComputerScience.org
Most of the largest STEM occupations were related to computers and information systems. With employment of nearly 750,000, applications software developers was the largest STEM occupation. Computer user support specialists and computer systems analysts each accounted for over a half a million jobs. Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives of technical and scientific products (334,010) was the largest STEM occupation not related to computers. - BLS
According to QS World University Rankings, the top 3 universities in the world for computer science and information systems include the following:
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
- Stanford University United States
- University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
According to College Board, which tracks AP exams, 3,101 students took the AP computer science exam in 2011. By comparison, about 35,000 students took AP government, 55,000 took U.S. history, and 58,500 students took English language. Of those who did take the computer science exam, 29 students were African American and only 21 percent were girls. - UCLA IDEA
Image Description: College Board, Advanced Placement (AP) Exam Data, 2010-2011
IT salary increases in 2017 indicate that IT professionals are in high demand, pushing IT salaries steadily higher. The 2017 average salary range for Information Technology Manager is $108,000 – $164,750. The 2017 salary range is an increase of 3.0% over this job’s 2016 salary range. - Datamation
Over 99 percent of STEM employment was in occupations that typically require some type of post secondary education for entry, compared with 36 percent of overall employment. Occupations that typically require a bachelor’s degree for entry, like software developers and engineers, made up 73 percent of STEM employment, but only 21 percent of overall employment. - BLS
Surveying and mapping technicians, for which the typical entry level requirement is a high school diploma or the equivalent, is the only STEM occupation that does not typically require post secondary education for entry. - BLS
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