Short for Web real-time communications, WebRTC is a technology used for real-time human voice and video communications. The technology enables video and audio streaming in addition to data sharing between clients.
WebRTC is the standards that enable any browser with the ability to share the data and communications without requiring any additional third-party plug-ins or applications. It allows media to be sent from one browser and received by another browser implementing the appropriate real-time protocols.
In addition to applications developed for Web browsers, applications may also be used on mobile platforms and IoT devices, allowing them all to communicate using the common protocols.
The History of WebRTC
WebRTC is a free, open project, supported by Google, Mozilla, Opera and others. WebRTC was initially released by Google in May, 2011 as an open source, browser-based real-time communication project.
Web browsers currently supporting WebRTC include Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox and Opera on the desktop. Android, Chrome OS, Firefox OS and iOS mobile browsers are also supported.