Printed Circuit Board

printed circuit board

Sometimes abbreviated PCB, a thin plate on which chips and other electronic components are placed. Computers consist of one or more boards, often called cards or adapters. Circuit boards fall into the following categories:

  • motherboard : The principal board that has connectors for attaching devices to the bus. Typically, the mother board contains the CPU, memory, and basic controllers for the system. On PCs, the motherboard is often called the system board or mainboard.
  • expansion board : Any board that plugs into one of the computer’s expansion slots. Expansion boards include controller boards, LAN cards, and video adapters.
  • Daughtercard :Any board that attaches directly to another board.
  • controller board: A special type of expansion board that contains a controller for a peripheral device. When you attach new devices, such as a disk driveor graphics monitor, to a computer, you often need to add a controller board.
  • Network Interface Card (NIC) :An expansion board that enables a PC to be connected to a local-area network (LAN).
  • video adapter: An expansion board that contains a controller for a graphics monitor.
  • Printed circuit boards are also called cards.

    Vangie Beal
    Vangie Beal
    Vangie Beal is a freelance business and technology writer covering Internet technologies and online business since the late '90s.

    Related Articles

    Software

    Table of contents What is Software? History of Software Software vs. Hardware Software vs. Hardware Comparison Chart What Types of Software Exist? Saas vs....

    Email Address

    What is an Email Address? An email address is a designation for an electronic mailbox that sends and receives messages, known as email, on a...

    Information Technology (IT) Architect

    The information technology architect applies IT resources to meet specific business requirements. The role requires a high degree of technical expertise as well as...

    Built-In Function

    A built-in function is a function that is already available in a programming language, application, or another tool that can be accessed by end...

    Geotargeting

    Geotargeting is a method of delivering data or content to users based on...

    Agile Project Management

    Agile project management enables business teams to approach their projects and tasks with...

    Private 5G Network

    A private 5G network is a private local area network (LAN) that utilizes...