Peering

A relationship between two or more small- or medium-sized ISPs in which the ISPs create a direct link between each other and agree to forward each other’s packets directly across this link instead of using the standard Internet backbone. For example, suppose a client of ISP X wants to access a web site hosted by ISP Y. If X and Y have a peering relationship, the HTTP packets will travel directly between the two ISPs. In general, this results in faster access since there are fewer hops. And for the ISPs, it’s more economical because they don’t need to pay fees to a third-party Network Service Provider (NSP).

Peering can also involve more than two ISPs, in which case all traffic destined for any of the ISPs is first routed to a central exchange, called a peering point, and then forwarded to the final destination. This is similar to the Network Access Points (NAPs)managed by the NSPs, but on a smaller scale.

Webopedia Staff
Webopedia Staff
Since 1995, more than 100 tech experts and researchers have kept Webopedia’s definitions, articles, and study guides up to date. For more information on current editorial staff, please visit our About page.

Related Articles

Photo Editing Software

Photo editing software is used to manipulate or enhance digital images. This category of software ranges from basic apps, which are able to apply...

SOHO Business Solutions: Free Email Marketing Services

Just like big businesses, SOHO (small office/home office) owners can leverage email marketing systems to communicate with customers, partners and employees. Just like big businesses,...

Fintech

Fintech, also known as "financial technology," is a term used to describe companies that use innovative technology to create more efficient, transparent, and cost-effective...

Cyber Security

Cyber security is the practice of protecting computer systems, networks, and data by using a variety of different strategies and tools. Many large companies...

ScalaHosting

ScalaHosting is a leading managed hosting provider that offers secure, scalable, and affordable...

HRIS

Human resources information system (HRIS) solutions help businesses manage multiple facets of their...

Best Managed Service Providers...

In today's business world, managed services are more critical than ever. They can...