Distributing processing and communications activity evenly across a computer network
so that no single device
is overwhelmed. Load balancing is especially important for networks where it’s difficult to predict the number of requests that will be issued to a server
. Busy Web sites
typically employ two or more Web servers
in a load balancing scheme. If one server starts to get swamped, requests are forwarded to another server with more capacity. Load balancing can also refer to the communications channels themselves.