1. Remove the topmost item (the largest) and replace it with the rightmost leaf. The topmost item is stored in an array.
2. Re-establish the heap.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until there are no more items left in the heap.
The sorted elements are now stored in an array.
A heap sort is especially efficient for data that is already stored in a binary tree. In most cases, however, the quick sort algorithm is more efficient.