APIPA – Automatic Private IP Addressing

APIPA is short for Automatic Private IP Addressing, a feature of Windows operating systems, meant for non-routed small business environments, usually less than 25 clients.

With APIPA, DHCP clients can automatically self-configure an IP address and subnet mask when a DHCP server isn’t available. When a DHCP client boots up, it first looks for a DHCP server in order to obtain an IP address and subnet mask.

Automatic Configurations and Service Checks

If the client is unable to find the information, it uses APIPA to automatically configure itself with an IP address. The IP address range is 169.254.0.1 through 169.254.255.254. The client also configures itself with a default class B subnet mask of 255.255.0.0. A client uses the self-configured IP address until a DHCP server becomes available.

The APIPA service also checks regularly for the presence of a DHCP server (every five minutes, according to Microsoft). If it detects a DHCP server on the network, APIPA stops, and the DHCP server replaces the APIPA networking addresses with dynamically assigned addresses.

Vangie Beal
Vangie Beal is a freelance business and technology writer covering Internet technologies and online business since the late '90s.

Top Articles

The Complete List of 1559 Common Text Abbreviations & Acronyms

From A3 to ZZZ we list 1,559 SMS, online chat, and text abbreviations to help you translate and understand today's texting lingo. Includes Top...

List of Windows Operating System Versions & History [In Order]

The Windows operating system (Windows OS) refers to a family of operating systems developed by Microsoft Corporation. We look at the history of Windows...

How to Create a Website Shortcut on Your Desktop

Website Shortcut on Your Desktop reviewed by Web Webster   This Webopedia guide will show you how to create a website shortcut on your desktop using...

Generations of Computers (1st to 5th)

Reviewed by Web Webster Learn about each of the 5 generations of computers and major technology developments that have led to the computing devices that...

Glassdoor

Glassdoor is an online job search and review platform for people seeking new...

GitLab

GitLab is a DevOps platform where software development and IT operations teams collaborate...

Udemy

Udemy is a massive open online course (MOOC) platform offering a range of...