Internet protocol (IP) is a primary set of communication protocols for exchanging data packets or datagrams across internet-connected networks. The internet protocol occurs in the internet layer of Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP), a group of communication protocols structured as four layers: the application layer, the internet layer, the transport layer, and the network interface layer. Documentation and specifications of the internet protocol suite are governed by the Internet Architecture Board.
What does IP stand for?
(pronounced as separate letters) Short for Internet Protocol. IP specifies the format of packets, also called datagrams, and the addressing scheme. Most networks combine IP with a higher-level protocol called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which establishes a virtual connection between a destination and a source.
What is the difference between IP and TCP/IP?
IP by itself is something like the postal system. It allows you to address a package and drop it in the system, but there’s no direct link between you and the recipient. TCP/IP, on the other hand, establishes a connection between two hosts so that they can send messages back and forth for a period of time.
This article was updated by Siji Roy.