GitHub

GitHub is an open source, cloud-based repository hosting service that allows developers to store, manage, track, and control changes to their code. Source code projects are hosted in a variety of programming languages, and changes made to every iteration are tracked. GitHub users can review each other’s code and propose changes. It has been a subsidiary of Microsoft since 2018.

How GitHub works

Two connected principles are at the core of GitHub: Version control and Git. As a software project grows, version control is critical. It allows developers to tweak the software, such as fixing bugs and improving efficiency without affecting the software itself or risking user experience. After proposed changes are reviewed and approved, they can be merged into the live software without much fuss.

Git is what powers the version control and collaboration. Git is a distributed version control system, meaning the entire codebase and history is available on every developer’s computer. This makes for easy branching, which is the duplication of code for manipulation without affecting the rest of the project, and merging, incorporating the manipulated code back into the main project. While Git can be used outside of GitHub, GitHub provides an interface that makes using Git easier.

Here’s an example of the process: A developer forks a project, meaning they create a copy of someone else’s project that allows them to experiment freely without affecting the original work. Once the developer is happy with the changes, they can submit a pull request, which tells the owner about the changes they made. The owner reviews the changes and asks any follow-up questions. If they like the changes, they’ll merge the pull request, applying the changes from the forked project to the original code.

GitHub Pricing

Github offers its basic services free of charge. The free plan allows unlimited collaborators and public/private repositories. There is a limit on actions minutes per month. Paid Team and Enterprise plans are offered that allow for more actions minutes and storage.






Abby Braden
Abby Braden
Abby Braden is an award-winning writer and editor for websites such as TechnologyAdvice.com, Webopedia.com, and Project-Management.com, where she covers technology trends and enterprise and SMB project management platforms. When she’s not writing about technology, she enjoys giving too many treats to her dog and coaching part-time at her local gym.

Top Articles

List of Windows Operating System Versions & History [In Order]

The Windows operating system (Windows OS) refers to a family of operating systems developed by Microsoft Corporation. We look at the history of Windows...

How to Create a Website Shortcut on Your Desktop

Website Shortcut on Your Desktop reviewed by Web Webster   This Webopedia guide will show you how to create a website shortcut on your desktop using...

What are the Five Generations of Computers? (1st to 5th)

Reviewed by Web Webster Each generation of computer has brought significant advances in speed and power to computing tasks. Learn about each of the...

Hotmail [Outlook] Email Accounts

Launched in 1996, Hotmail was one of the first public webmail services that could be accessed from any web browser. At its peak in...

SHA-256

SHA-256 is an algorithm used for hash functions and is a vital component...

Document Management System

A document management system is an automated software solution businesses and organizations use...

Conti Ransomware

Conti ransomware first emerged in 2020. It uses a ransomware as a service...