A high-level language is a programming language such as C, FORTRAN, or Pascal that enables a programmer to write programs that are more or less independent of a particular type of computer. Such languages are considered high-level because they are closer to human languages and further from machine languages. In contrast, assembly languages are considered low-level because they are very close to machine languages.
Recommended Reading: Webopedia Study Guides - Java Basics: Variables, Syntax and Conventions and Java Basics Part 2: Operators, Modifiers and Structures.
Advantages of High-Level Languages
The main advantage of high-level languages over low-level languages is that they are easier to read, write, and maintain. Ultimately, programs written in a high-level language must be translated into machine language by a compiler or interpreter.
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