How Do Web Servers Work
Have you ever wondered just exactly how this Web page you are reading found its way into your browser and onto your computer screen? The process largely depends on Web servers.
Have you ever wondered just exactly how this Web page you are reading found its way into your browser and onto your computer screen? The process largely depends on Web servers. Read on as Webopedia briefly explains the mechanisms that bring Web pages to your home, your office or your mobile computers.
Typically, users visit a Web site by either clicking on a hyperlink that brings them to that site or keying the site's URL directly into the address bar of a browser. But how does the same site appear on anyone's computer anywhere in the world and often on many computers at the same time?
Let's use Webopedia as an example. You decide to visit Webopedia by typing its URL -- http://www.webopedia.com -- into your Web browser. Through an Internet connection, your browser initiates a connection to the Web server that is storing the Webopedia files by first converting the domain name into an IP address (through a domain name service) and then locating the server that is storing the information for that IP address (also see Understanding IP Addressing).
The Web server stores all of the files necessary to display Webopedia's pages on your computer -- typically all the individual pages that comprise the entirety of a Web site, any images/graphic files and any scripts that make dynamic elements of the site function.
Once contact has been made, the browser requests the data from the Web server, and using HTTP, the server delivers the data back to your browser. The browser in turn converts, or formats, the computer languages that the files are made up of into what you see displayed in your browser. In the same way the server can send the files to many client computers at the same time, allowing multiple clients to view the same page simultaneously.
Stay up to date on the latest developments in Internet terminology with a free weekly newsletter from Webopedia. Join to subscribe now.
Webopedia's student apps roundup will help you to better organize your class schedule and stay on top of assignments and homework. Read More »List of Free Shorten URL Services
A URL shortener is a way to make a long Web address shorter. Try this list of free services. Read More »Top 10 Tech Terms of 2015
The most popular Webopedia definitions of 2015. Read More »
Java is a high-level programming language. This guide describes the basics of Java, providing an overview of syntax, variables, data types and... Read More »Java Basics, Part 2
This second Study Guide describes the basics of Java, providing an overview of operators, modifiers and control Structures. Read More »The 7 Layers of the OSI Model
The Open System Interconnection (OSI) model defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers. Use this handy guide to compare... Read More »