browser (web browser)
Short for web browser, a browser is a software application used to locate, retrieve and display content on the World Wide Web, including webpages, images, video and other files. As a client/server model, the browser is the client run on a computer or mobile device that contacts the Web server and requests information. The web server sends the information back to the browser which displays the results on the Internet-enabled device that supports a browser.
Today's Web Browsers
The three most popular desktop browsers, according to Net Marketshare (June 2019), is Chrome (66.46%), followed by Firefox (9.50%), Microsoft Internet Explorer (8.84%), and Edge (4.71%). Other major browsers include Apple Safari, Sogou Explorer and Opera.
While most commonly use to access information on the web, a browser can also be used to access information hosted on Web servers in private networks.
Image Source: Desktop Browser Market Share for June 2017, courtesy Net Applications.com.
Mobile Web Browsers
There are a number of browsers that are designed to access the Web using a mobile device. A mobile browser, also called a microbrowser, is optimized to display Web content on smaller mobile device screens and to perform efficiently on these computing devices, which have far less computing power and memory capacity as desktop or laptop. Mobile browsers are typically "stripped down" versions of Web browsers and offer fewer features in order to run well on mobile devices.
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