Acronym Guide to Web Stacks
Web stacks contain an operating system, Web server, database server and programming language. One of the best-known Web stacks is LAMP, but there are many others.
A Web stack refers to software stacks for Web development environments. The stack of software, also called a solution stack, is frequently made up of open source software to run dynamic Web sites. Web stacks contain an operating system, Web server, database server and programming language. One of the most most well-known Web stacks is LAMP, which stands for the following:
L - Linux as the operating system
A - Apache as the Web server
M - MySQL as the RDBMS
P - PHP is the the scripting language
In many cases, where a 'P' exists in the acronym it stands for PHP, but Perl or Python may also be substituted for the programming language.
Alternative Web Stacks to LAMP
Here is a list of several alternative Web stacks and what software makes up the acronym. For more information, definitions to the various operating systems, programming languages, databases and Web servers can be found below.
RECOMMENDED READING: Webopedia's Understanding LAMP and Its Effect on Web Development.
Web Development Stack (Solution Stack)
|AMP||Apache, MySQL, and PHP (with the omission of an operating system)|
|BAMP||BSD, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|BAPP||BSD, Apache, PostgreSQL, and PHP|
|FAMP||FreeBSD, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|FWAP||Firebird, Windows, Apache, and PHP|
|FWIP||FreeBSD, Windows, IIS, and PHP|
|JAMP||Java, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|JOLT||Java, Oracle, Linux, and Tomcat|
|LAMJ||Linux, Apache, MySQL, JSP servlets|
|LAMP||Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|LAMAR||Linux, Apache, MySQL, AJAX, and Ruby on Rails|
|LAMR||Linux, Apache, MySQL, and Ruby|
|LAPP||Linux, Apache, PostgreSQL, and PHP|
|MARS||MySQL, Apache, Ruby, and Solaris|
|MAMP||Macintosh OS, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|NAMP||NetBSD, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|NAPP||NetBSD, Apache, PostgreSQL, and PHP|
|OPAL||Oracle, PHP, Apache, and Linux|
|SAMP||Solaris, PHP, Apache, and Linux|
|WAMP||Windows, Apache, MySQL, and PHP|
|WIMSA||Windows, IIS, Microsoft SQL Server, and ASP|
|WISA||Windows, IIS, Microsoft SQL Server, and ASP|
|XAMPP||(X could by any one of the following four operating systems; Linux, Solaris, Macintosh, or Windows), Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl|
Based in Nova Scotia, Vangie Beal is has been writing about technology for more than a decade. She is a frequent contributor to EcommerceGuide and managing editor at Webopedia. You can tweet her online @AuroraGG.
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