What is an Enterprise Application?
Last Updated: 09-02-2010 , Posted: 05-21-2010
A Quick Reference Guide to understanding what enterprise application software is and how it works.
What is an Enterprise Application?
Enterprise application, enterprise app, enterprise software, and finally, enterprise application software (EAS) are all commonly used phrases to describe applications -- or software -- that a that a business would use to assist the organization in solving enterprise problems. In most cases, when the word "enterprise" is combined with "application", it usually notes a software platform that is too large and too complex for individual or small business use.
Enterprise applications are designed to be deployed across a variety of corporate networks, intranets or the Internet and also meet strict requirements for security and administration management.
Unlike consumer or small business applications, which are used for a specific business function (e.g. accounting software or a graphics program), an enterprise application provides business logic and supports an entire organization and all its departments, in an effort to lower costs and improve both productivity and efficiency in the enterprise.
Common Types of Enterprise Applications
Some of the more common enterprise applications include the following:
Enterprise Application Development and Deployment
Proprietary enterprise applications are usually designed and deployed in-house by a specialized IT development team within the organization. However, some enterprises may outsource some or all of the development of the application and bring it back in-house for deployment. Enterprise applications are typically designed to interface with other enterprise applications used within the organization.
Today, using enterprise application service providers are becoming more prevalent. In this scenario, the enterprise software is designed by a third-party application service provider (ASP) and leased to the enterprise, as an on-premise (internal corporate network) or hosted service (via the Internet, or "cloud").
Another trend in enterprise applications is the move to cloud computing, where the enterprise moves some or all of its infrastructure to the cloud (see cloud computing) where many enterprise applications can be delivered as a SaaS solution over the Internet. Some enterprises may also choose a hybrid solution where cloud applications are integrated with on-premise systems.
Cloud computing has a number of advantages over on-premise enterprise application deployment—among them is the cloud's ability to provision on-demand services, always-on network access, and application portability that is optimized by virtualization and cloud delivery platforms.
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