G.729An International Telecommunications Union (ITU) standard for for audio (speech) compression and decompression that is used in digital transmission systems, and in particular, used for the coding of analog signals into digital signals.
G.729 is an ITU-T audio data compression standard that operates at 8 kbit/s using a conjugate-structure algebraic-code-excited linear-prediction (CS-ACELP). This algorithm for voice compresses voice audio in 10 millisecond frames. G.729 is commonly used in in Voice over IP (VoIP) applications because of its inherently low bandwidth requirement. Extensions to the G.729 standard include the following;
- G.729a (G.729 Annex A) - Compatible with G.729 Annex A specifies a coder with several simplifications, including code book search routines. These modifications are known to often result in a slightly lower voice quality.
- G.729b (G.729 Annex B) - Compatible with G.729, Annex B specifies a coder that uses Discontinuous Transmission (DTX), Voice Activity Detection (VAD), and Comfort Noise Generation (CNG) to reduce bandwidth usage. Bandwidth is reduced by preventing the transmission of non-voice during periods of silence.
See G.7xx for more information on how these standards are used in telephony networks.
Stay up to date on the latest developments in Internet terminology with a free weekly newsletter from Webopedia. Join to subscribe now.
Webopedia's student apps roundup will help you to better organize your class schedule and stay on top of assignments and homework. Read More »List of Free Shorten URL Services
A URL shortener is a way to make a long Web address shorter. Try this list of free services. Read More »Top 10 Tech Terms of 2015
The most popular Webopedia definitions of 2015. Read More »
Java is a high-level programming language. This guide describes the basics of Java, providing an overview of syntax, variables, data types and... Read More »Java Basics, Part 2
This second Study Guide describes the basics of Java, providing an overview of operators, modifiers and control Structures. Read More »The 7 Layers of the OSI Model
The Open System Interconnection (OSI) model defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers. Use this handy guide to compare... Read More »