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data integrity

Refers to the validity of data. Data integrity can be compromised in a number of ways:

  • Human errors when data is entered
  • Errors that occur when data is transmitted from one computer to another
  • Software bugs or viruses
  • Hardware malfunctions, such as disk crashes
  • Natural disasters, such as fires and floods
  • There are many ways to minimize these threats to data integrity. These include:

  • Backing updata regularly
  • Controlling access to data via security mechanisms
  • Designing user interfacesthat prevent the input of invalid data
  • Using error detection and correction software when transmitting data

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